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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 238-243
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.238.243
 
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Assessment of Some Soil Properties by Spatial Variability in Saline and Sodic Soils in Arsanjan Plain, Southern Iran

Mostafa Emadi, Majid Baghernejad, Mehdi Emadi and Manouchehr Maftoun

Abstract:

Spatial patterns for several soil parameters such soil texture, Exchangeable Sodium Percentage (ESP), Electrical Conductivity (ECe), soil pH, Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) were examined in saline and sodic soils in Arsanjan plain, Southern Iran, in order to identify their spatial distribution for implementation of a site-specific management. Soil samples were collected from 0-30, 30-60 and 60-90 cm soil depths at 85 sampling sites. Data were analyzed both statistically and geostatistically on the basis of the semivariogram. The spatial distribution model and spatial dependence level varied between soil parameters. Soil pH and ESP had the minimum and maximum variability at all depths, respectively. Soil properties indicated moderate to strong spatial dependence. ECe exhibited moderate spatial dependence at three depths; pH and ESP had a moderate spatial dependence at 0-30 cm and strong spatial dependence at 30-60 and 60-90 cm depths. Clay and CEC exhibited strong spatial dependence for the 0-30 cm and weak spatial dependence at 30-60 and 60-90 cm depths. Sand and silt had a non-spatial dependence at 0-30 cm and weak spatial dependency at 30-60 and 60-90 cm depths. The spatial variability in small distances of ECe, CEC, pH and ESP generally increased with depth. All geostatistical range values were greater than 1168 m. The results reported herein indicated that the strong spatial dependency of soil properties would lead to the extrinsic factors such as ground water level and drainage. It is important to know the spatial dependence of soil parameters, as management parameters with strong spatial dependence will be more readily managed and an accurate site-specific scheme for precision farming more easily developed.

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How to cite this article:

Mostafa Emadi, Majid Baghernejad, Mehdi Emadi and Manouchehr Maftoun, 2008. Assessment of Some Soil Properties by Spatial Variability in Saline and Sodic Soils in Arsanjan Plain, Southern Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 238-243.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.238.243

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2008.238.243

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