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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 10 | Page No.: 1380-1384
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.1380.1384
 
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The Potential of Using Insecticidal Properties of Medicinal Plants Against Insect Pests

Hojat Khoshnoud, Mahdi Ghiyasi, Reza Amirnia, Shiva Sadig Fard, Mehdi Tajbakhsh, Hojat Salehzadeh and Parisa Alahyary

Abstract:
In this study, botanicals extracted from two the species of family Scrophulariaceae, Verbascum cheiranthifolium Boiss and Verbascum speciosum Schard, were examined for their effect on mortality and progeny production against adults of Sitophilus oryzae (L.). The plant extracts were applied at five dose rates, which 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 3% (w/v). Adults of S. oryzae was exposed to the treated wheat at 25 °C and 65% RH and mortality was assessed after 24 h, 48 h, 7 day, 14 day and 21 day of exposure. Then all adults were removed and the treated substrate remained at the same conditions for an additional 45 day after this interval, the commodity was checked for progeny production. In use two extracts the mortality of adults increased with the increase of dose and exposure interval so that; mortality was 100% after 21 days of exposure at the highest dose rate. Results indicated that applied of V. cheiranthifolium extract was more effective than V. speciosum against adult insects. Interestingly, in two cases complete suppression (100% reduction) of the progeny production (F1) was observed in the treated wheat than in control even in the lowest dose rate. Therefore, our results indicate that these medicinal plants can be used for protection of stored grain from infestations of stored-product insect pests.
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How to cite this article:

Hojat Khoshnoud, Mahdi Ghiyasi, Reza Amirnia, Shiva Sadig Fard, Mehdi Tajbakhsh, Hojat Salehzadeh and Parisa Alahyary, 2008. The Potential of Using Insecticidal Properties of Medicinal Plants Against Insect Pests. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 1380-1384.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2008.1380.1384

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2008.1380.1384

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