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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 24 | Page No.: 4505-4509
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.4505.4509
 
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Practical Approach for Typing Strains of Leishmania infantum by Enzyme Polymorphism: A Cross Sectional Study in Northwest of Iran

A.S. Mazloumi Gavgani, A. Ghazanchaei , P. Karimi , H. Mohit and C.R. Davies

Abstract:
In present study, All samples collected from Kalybar and Ahar districts in Northwest of Iran from 12 patients (bone marrow aspirates), 26 dogs (spleenic and hepatic aspirates) and more than 100 sand flies between years 2004-2006. All patients were clinically diagnosed to have visceral leishmaniasis. Serological profiles of all sera samples from both human and dogs were in accordance with leishmaniasis (DAT). Isoenzyme profiles of these isolates were compared with those of reference using 12 enzyme systems. L. infuntum MON-1 is the only zymodeme present in all samples of dogs, sand flies and human. The enzymatic polymorphism is compared to that of neighboring countries (Azarbaijan, Iraq and Turkey etc.) and we concluded that the Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) focus in northwest of Iran is evidently Mediterranean focus of zoonotic VL, which extends from Portugal and Morocco to Pakistan and the central Asian republics. Domestic doges act as the reservoir host, where Phlebotomus kandellakii and Perfiliewi ariasi are vectors.
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How to cite this article:

A.S. Mazloumi Gavgani, A. Ghazanchaei , P. Karimi , H. Mohit and C.R. Davies , 2007. Practical Approach for Typing Strains of Leishmania infantum by Enzyme Polymorphism: A Cross Sectional Study in Northwest of Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 4505-4509.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.4505.4509

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2007.4505.4509

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