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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 24 | Page No.: 4406-4412
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.4406.4412
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Soil Decontamination of 2,4,6- Trinitrotoluene by Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)

S. Fallahi, M. Habibi-Rezaei, M. Khayami and R. Heydari

Present study investigate the toxicity effect of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) on a terrestrial plant, alfalfa (Medicago sativa) in artificial soils. In this study, TNT toxicity assessment was performed on spiked silica with this nitroaromatic compound by determination of the percent of emergence and shoots and roots biomasses at the concentration range of 3.2-10000 mg kg-1 Dry Weight (DW). The emergence was reduced by 22-32% after 5 days of exposure at TNT concentrations up to 100 mg kg-1 DW; shoot and root biomasses were reduced by 48-50 and 63-74%, respectively after 30 days exposure at TNT concentrations ≤32 mg kg-1 DW. Concentrations higher than 100 mg kg-1 DW can not be tolerated at all. Concentrations of TNT and its metabolites insilica, root and shoot were measured by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Analyses of TNT spiked soil extracts reveal hat during alfalfa cultivation for 30 days, TNT was partially transformed at the extent of 15-27%. This transformation decreased at higher TNT soil concentrations. TNT is taken up and metabolized by plants to its downstream derivatives.
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How to cite this article:

S. Fallahi, M. Habibi-Rezaei, M. Khayami and R. Heydari, 2007. Soil Decontamination of 2,4,6- Trinitrotoluene by Alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 4406-4412.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.4406.4412






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