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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 22 | Page No.: 4063-4068
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.4063.4068
 
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Ecological Studies on Al-Khadoud Spring, Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia

Mohammed A. Al-Kahtani, Ashraf M. Youssef and Adel A. Fathi

Abstract:
Al-Khadoud spring is one of the most important water resources in Al-Hassa Governorate, Saudi Arabia. However, much of its biotic information is still unknown. This study presented preliminary ecological information of this aquatic body. Regarding to macrophytes, a total of eight species were observed along the study sites. These species include two submerged aquatic plants (Potamogeton pectinatus L. and Ceratophyllum demersum L.). The common distributed species are Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trimex Steud and Cyperus rotundus (L.). On the other hand, a total of 20 algal genera were recorded with 7 genera of Chlorophyceae, 8 of Bacillariophyceae, 4 of Cyanophyceae and one of Euglenophyceae. The common phytoplankton occurred in all three investigated sites were Chlorella vulgaris, Mougeotia sp., Oscillatoria sp. and Actinastrum sp. Regarding to the biotic fauna, different forms of unicellular zooplankton such as Paramecium and Amoeba were recorded. Invertebrates such as freshwater insects and some freshwater snails were documented in the study sites including Melanodies tuberculata, Melanopsis praemorsa and Lymnaea auricularia. As regard to vertebrates, one species of fish, Aphanius dispar, dominate the spring basin and its extended channels.
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How to cite this article:

Mohammed A. Al-Kahtani, Ashraf M. Youssef and Adel A. Fathi, 2007. Ecological Studies on Al-Khadoud Spring, Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 4063-4068.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.4063.4068

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2007.4063.4068

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