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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 17 | Page No.: 2831-2837
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.2831.2837
Prevalence of Human Herpes Virus-8 and Hepatitis B Virus among HIV Seropositive Pregnant Women Enrolled in the Mother-to-child HIV Transmission Prevention Program at Saint Camille Medical Centre in Burkina Faso
Denise Ilboudo, Damintoti Karou, Wendyame M.C. Nadembega, Aly Savadogo, Ouermi Djeneba Salvatore Pignatelli, Virginio Pietra, Augustin Bere, Jacques Simpore and Alfred S. Traore

Abstract:
The aims of this research are: i) to evaluate the prevalence of HHV-8, HBV and HIV among pregnant women, ii) to determine the percentage of these co-infections and iii) to estimate the frequency of the mother-to-child transmission of HIV among HBV and HHV-8 positive mothers. Thus, 379 pregnant women attending ante-natal consultation in Saint Camille Medical Centre were subject to HIV, HHV-8 antibodies and the viral marker Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) detection. We observed 48/379 (12.66%) HIV seropositive subjects. Among them, HIV-1 type infection was predominant (95.83%), only 2/48 (4.17%) subjects had a dual HIV-1 type and HIV-2 type infection, no single HIV-2 type infection was detected. 38/379 (10.02%) subjects were infected by HHV-8 and 30/379 (7.91%) were HBsAg positive. HHV-8 and HIV Co-infections rates were high within HBV positive patients and we had respectively 20.00 and 16.67%. 10.42% HIV positive women were co-infected by HBV while 12.50% were infected by HHV-8. Then, 15.79% subjects HHV-8 positive were co-infected by HBV or HIV. In spite of the PMTCT protocol application, five (10.42%) HIV positive women transmitted the virus to their children. Two HIV positive mothers were co-infected by HHV-8 and one by HBV. Among the 5 HIV infected, one mother (20.0%) was HBV positive and two (40.0%) HHV-8 positive. Although we did not have a large sample which would show large prélalences of the infections, we could put forward that the Co-infection of the HIV with one of these viruses (HBV or HHV-8) could favorite the mother-to-child transmission.
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How to cite this article:

Denise Ilboudo, Damintoti Karou, Wendyame M.C. Nadembega, Aly Savadogo, Ouermi Djeneba Salvatore Pignatelli, Virginio Pietra, Augustin Bere, Jacques Simpore and Alfred S. Traore, 2007. Prevalence of Human Herpes Virus-8 and Hepatitis B Virus among HIV Seropositive Pregnant Women Enrolled in the Mother-to-child HIV Transmission Prevention Program at Saint Camille Medical Centre in Burkina Faso. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 2831-2837.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.2831.2837

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2007.2831.2837

 
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