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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 1113-1117
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.1113.1117
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Evaluation of Some Drought Resistance Criteria at Seedling Stage in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars

H. Pakniyat and E. Tavakol

Abstract: This research was conducted to evaluate some of the drought resistance criteria at seedling stage in wheat. A factorial experiment in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) was used with two factors consisted of stress levels (0, -5 and -8 bar) using PEG 6000 and genotypes (10 genotypes of bread wheat; Azar 2, Gahar, Koohdasht, Bow, Zagros, Cham, Niknejad, El Neilairi, Bohoih and Giza 164) in three replications in a hydroponic condition. Stress Tolerance Index (STI), Water Use Efficiency (WUE), Biological Yield (BY), Shoot Dry Weight (SDW), Root Dry Weight (RDW), Root/Shoot weight ratio (R/S), Root Length (RL), Relative Water Content (RWC), Wilting Percentage (WP) and first and 2nd Leaves Extention Rate (LER1 and LER2) were measured at seedling stage. Increasing stress levels caused reduction in BY, SDW, RDW, RL, RWC, LER1 and LER2, but an increase in WUE, DWR, R/S and WP. Azar2, Gahar, Koohdasht, Zagros and Bow were in favorite condition in regard to STI, WUE and other criteria. Therefore, they are drought tolerant and might be suitable genotypes at water deficit conditions. Niknejad, El Neilairi and Cham were moderate and Giza 164 and Bohoih were sensitive genotypes to drought conditions. This research revealed that at -5 bar, WUE, BY, SDW, R/S and LER2 and at -8 bar, WUE, BY and WP were suitable criteria for selection of drought resistant genotypes at seedling stage.
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How to cite this article:

H. Pakniyat and E. Tavakol, 2007. Evaluation of Some Drought Resistance Criteria at Seedling Stage in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 1113-1117.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2007.1113.1117






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