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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2006 | Volume: 9 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 995-1003
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2006.995.1003
 
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The Changes in Production and Foreign Trade of Primary and Processed Tomato: A Comparison of European Union and Turkey

Halil Fidan and Harun Tanrivermis

Abstract:
Fresh and processed tomato is a growing industry in the European Union (EU) and changes in farming and processing industry of tomato are closely similar to crop farming pattern in Turkey as well as other developing countries. In 2004, EU-25 total tomatoes production represented about 17 million tones, and Turkey is one of the leader producer with 8 million tones. The tomato production variation in EU-25 is less than Turkey in last decades. Yield per ha of planted area in Turkey is lower than EU-25 due to insufficient farming practices and structure of farms. Structural problems such as integration models of producers and processors, input usage and high production cost affected negatively export possibilities and competition power of Turkey. EU`s export and import are seriously affected by production variations and show fluctuations year to year. The variation coefficient showed that tomato export changes of the EU was more than tomato import changes of the EU. Although Turkey has some advantages to increase export volume to the EU, it is restricted by the EU due to applied improper quotas. In these circumstances, new market strategies should be developed by policymakers for tomato and tomato products exporters of Turkey.
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How to cite this article:

Halil Fidan and Harun Tanrivermis , 2006. The Changes in Production and Foreign Trade of Primary and Processed Tomato: A Comparison of European Union and Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 9: 995-1003.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2006.995.1003

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2006.995.1003

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