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Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2003 | Volume: 6 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 399-406
DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2003.399.406
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Biocontrol of Some Tomato Disease Using Some Antagonistic Microorganisms

Ilham M. El- Rafai, Susan. M.W. Asswah and Omaima. A. Awdalla

Four biocontrol–agents, namely : Trichoderma harzianum, T. hamatum, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas fluorescens, have been tested for their potential antagonism for controlling fusarium wilt, verticillium wilt and early blight diseases of tomato. In vitro studies showed that culture filtrates of all antagonistic organisms significantly decrease the spore germination and germ tube-length of the tested pathogens, F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici, Verticillium dahliae and Alternaria solani. The linear growth and sporulation of the concerned pathogens were also inhibited the degree of inhibition was varied according to the tested antagonistic filtrate. In vivo studies, three treatments were applied; inoculation of the soil with antagonist period to sowing, soaking tomato seeds in the filtrate of the tested antagonist before sowing and coating of tomato seeds with spores of the antagonist before planting. Soil inoculation and seed coating with T. hamatum spores completely controlled the concerned diseases and improved the yield. However, P. fluorescens seed coating controlled the early blight disease and improved the tomato growth as well. Concerning the chemical assessment, T. hamatum soil inoculation and seed coating treatments gave the highest increase for chlorophyll a, b and cartenoids. Also the same treatments showed the highest increase of phenolic compounds (free and conjugated) and the lowest percentage for sugars content of tomato leaves infected with the concerned pathogens.
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How to cite this article:

Ilham M. El- Rafai, Susan. M.W. Asswah and Omaima. A. Awdalla, 2003. Biocontrol of Some Tomato Disease Using Some Antagonistic Microorganisms. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 6: 399-406.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2003.399.406






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