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Research Journal of Parasitology
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 15 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 47-51
DOI: 10.3923/jp.2020.47.51
 
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Haemoparasites Status of Domestic Horse (Equus caballus) at two Polo Fields in South Southern Nigeria

Eze Chinwe Nwadiuto, Ebenezer Amawulu and Francis Godswisdom Chizurum

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Information on the haemoparasites status of Equus caballus in Nigeria are fragmentary. This study was carried out to assess the haemoparasite status of Equus caballus in the two polo fields located in Abraka and Port Harcourt in South Southern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: One hundred and four blood samples (24 from Abraka and 80 from Port Harcourt) were collected from selected horses. The procession and identification of haemoparasites followed standard parasitological techniques detected. Results: The Overall prevalence of haemoparasites of the horses was 53.56%. The haemoparasites species in the increasing order of prevalence are Theileria equi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Babesia caballi, respectively. Horses from the Port Harcourt polo field was more infected than horses from the Abraka polo club. In all the fields, female horses were more infected than males. Prevalence by age was in the increasing order; old horses >10 years was 80.00%, young adult age (4-10 years) was 55.84% and young horses (<4 years) was 29.41%, respectively. The differences in the prevalence of haemoparasite in relation to location, age and gender was not significant (p>0.05). Multiple parasitisms was observed across the polo fields. Conclusion: The study has documented a high prevalence of hemoparasites amongst Equus caballus in polo fields in Port Harcourt and Abraka. It is concluded that adequate grooming attention and care of the horses used in the entertainment industry be advocated to reduce the public health implications and zoonotic infections.
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How to cite this article:

Eze Chinwe Nwadiuto, Ebenezer Amawulu and Francis Godswisdom Chizurum, 2020. Haemoparasites Status of Domestic Horse (Equus caballus) at two Polo Fields in South Southern Nigeria. Research Journal of Parasitology, 15: 47-51.

DOI: 10.3923/jp.2020.47.51

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jp.2020.47.51

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