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Research Journal of Parasitology
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 15 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 14-19
DOI: 10.3923/jp.2020.14.19
 
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Parasite and Microbial Load of Housefly Collected from Selected Houses in Amassoma Community, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Amawulu Ebenezer , Awiya I. Henry and Babali O. Better

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Housefly infestation accounted for >90% of all flies in living houses in the rural communities. They are mechanical vector that transmit several disease pathogens, yet the awareness of their role in disease transmission is low. The study was undertaken to assess the parasite and microbial loads of housefly in living houses in Amassoma community. Materials and Methods: Sixty houseflies were collected from 6 houses in Amassoma community and analyzed for microbial and parasite surface contamination during March, 2019 -May, 2019. The procession of the housefly and the assessment of the microbial and parasite load in the housefly followed standard procedures. Results: All the houseflies caught were contaminated with at least one microbe’s flora. The mean microbial load of the housefly across houses ranged from 0.9120×104 to 11.244×104 with a mean±standard of 3.50×10±1.722×104. The microbial flora isolated from the body surface of the housefly across the locations in order of abundance were the Baccillus spp., Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli, Salmonella spp., Pseudomonas spp., Kiepsella spp., Erwinia spp., Micrococcus spp., respectively (p<0.05). Ten (16.7%) of the housefly were contaminated with seven species of parasites fauna. The parasites species in order of abundance were E. histolytica, Trichuris trichuira, Ascaris lumbricoides, Hook worm and Enteribius verminicularis, respectively (p<0.05). Conclusion: It is evident from the results that houseflies are not only considered a nuisance but are also responsible for disease burden in humans. The high housefly density and parasite and microbial load surface contamination in the housefly is a call for public enlightenment campaign.
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How to cite this article:

Amawulu Ebenezer, Awiya I. Henry and Babali O. Better, 2020. Parasite and Microbial Load of Housefly Collected from Selected Houses in Amassoma Community, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Research Journal of Parasitology, 15: 14-19.

DOI: 10.3923/jp.2020.14.19

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jp.2020.14.19

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