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Research Journal of Parasitology
  Year: 2009 | Volume: 4 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 1-11
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Sand Flies Distribution and Bionomics, in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah

Ayman A. El-Badry, Abdullah M. Al-Juhani, El-Kheir D. Ibrahim and Saleem F. Al-Zubiany

An entomological survey was carried out in four provinces representing the surroundings of Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Western Saudi Arabia from May 2007 to April 2008, to determine diversity, seasonal variations and bionomics of sand flies, for better planning of their control strategies and prevention of leishmaniasis. Sand flies were collected using CDC light traps and sticky traps. A total of 4411 sand flies were collected. Six species belonging to two genera were identified; P. papatasi, P. sergenti, P. bergeroti, S. antennata, S. sergenti and S. clydei. P. papatasi was the predominant anthropophagic species (>80%). Sand flies were abundant intra-domiciliary (>75%) (mainly Phlebotomus) than extra-domiciliary with highly significance (mainly Sergentomyia), intra-domiciliary abundance was inflated by a greater proportion of female flies. Of the 845 dissected Phlebotomus females, Leishmania infection rate was ranged from 0.3 to 1.5%, mainly June and sometimes May and October which give spotlight on infectivity of sand flies and planning of control strategies, 362 (42.8%) were gravid, 417 (49.3%) were blood fed; Regarding parity and fecundity, the striking finding was that none of the dissected females were parous in January, it shed light on the mating season habits of sand flies in Almadinah region and to design novel control strategies.
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How to cite this article:

Ayman A. El-Badry, Abdullah M. Al-Juhani, El-Kheir D. Ibrahim and Saleem F. Al-Zubiany, 2009. Sand Flies Distribution and Bionomics, in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah. Research Journal of Parasitology, 4: 1-11.




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