Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
FOLLOW US:     Facebook     Twitter
Blue
   
Curve Top
Research Journal of Parasitology
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 1-11
DOI: 10.3923/jp.2008.1.11
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
Surface Ultrastructure of Posterior Abdominal Spiracles of Third Instars of Nasal Bots of Cephalopina titillator, Oestrus ovis and Rhinoestrus purpureus (Diptera:Oestridae) Infesting Camels, Sheep and Donkeys in Egypt
A.A. Zayed, S. Abdel-Shafy and R.M. El-Khateeb

Abstract:
Scanning electron microscope was used to describe the fine structure of posterior spiracles of third instars of Cephalopina titillator, Oestrus ovis and Rhinoestrus purpureus. The posterior spiracles was found to locate a hallow depressed cuticle of the posterior end of the larval body with an ecdysal scar. The cuticle surrounding the posterior spiracles was provided with spinules and sensory papillae of a taxonomic value. The spinules were numerous and irregularly distributed in dorsal and ventral rows in C. titillator and O. ovis. However, these spinules were few or absent in R. purpureus. The sensory papillae were of different shape; it long and cone-shape in R. purpureus, flat and button-shaped in C. titillator and reduced in O. ovis. The posterior spiracles consisted of two spiracular plates. Each plate appeared strongly sclerotized bearing numerous of respiratory units. The situation of spiracular plate together with ecdysal scar was also of a characteristic taxonomic value. The ecdysal scar surrounded by the spiracular plate either completely in O. ovis or partially in R. purpureus or never surrounded by it in C. titillator but situated medially at the edge of the spiracular plate. The respiratory unit consisted of rima and respiratory slit which appeared a narrow as zigzag-like in O. ovis. This respiratory slit appeared linear not zigzag with a few trabecular tissues in C. titillator. However, this slit was covered with a cap-like structure in R. purpureus. It was concluded that the posterior spiracles of nasal bots have a characteristic line structures of taxonomic value, which may be used for differentiation of these larval species.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
How to cite this article:

A.A. Zayed, S. Abdel-Shafy and R.M. El-Khateeb, 2008. Surface Ultrastructure of Posterior Abdominal Spiracles of Third Instars of Nasal Bots of Cephalopina titillator, Oestrus ovis and Rhinoestrus purpureus (Diptera:Oestridae) Infesting Camels, Sheep and Donkeys in Egypt. Research Journal of Parasitology, 3: 1-11.

DOI: 10.3923/jp.2008.1.11

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jp.2008.1.11

 
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

       

       

Curve Bottom