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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 19 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 45-50
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2019.45.50
 
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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice toward the Use of Antibiotics without Prescription in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-sectional Study

Shima A. Aziz and Fatemah O. Kamel

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Antibiotics are widely used over-the-counter drugs, although they should be prescription-only medications. This practice represents a significant issue in bacterial resistance. This study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice on self-medication antibiotics among Jeddah population. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that use web-based questionnaires, given from September, 2012 to June, 2013. Among a total of 345 participants, 69% were 20-29 years old; the majority (72.5%) were women; 87.8% were Saudi; 73.6% were university-educated and 53.3% were students. Results: Around half of the subjects (54.5%) knew that improper antibiotics use lead to bacterial resistance. Their responses about the medical reason for which they used antibiotic were bacterial infections in 38.3%, viral infections in 12.8% and both in 23.5%. Despite the fact that half of the participants used antibiotics without a prescription, the majority of them (74%) agreed that the antibiotics must be taken until the end of the treatment course. Half of the participants had a habit of reusing leftover antibiotics. Conclusion: The implementation of a health education program is necessary to enhance public knowledge, attitude and practice on antibiotic use. Strategies that control the sale of antibiotics without prescription need to be implemented to guarantee its rational use.
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How to cite this article:

Shima A. Aziz and Fatemah O. Kamel, 2019. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice toward the Use of Antibiotics without Prescription in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-sectional Study. Journal of Medical Sciences, 19: 45-50.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2019.45.50

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2019.45.50

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