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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 18 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 192-197
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2018.192.197
 
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Passive Smoking Effect on Cognitive and Motor Development in Preschool Children in Cairo

Marian Mamdouh Fayez and Amira El-Tohamy

Abstract:
Background and Objective: About 1% of all deaths worldwide caused by passive smoking in the first study to assess the global impact of second hand smoke, investigators reported that 27.5% of these were children. Worldwide, children are more heavily exposed to second hand smoke than any other age group and they are not able to avoid the main source of exposure mainly their close relatives who smoke at home. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Passive smoking on Cognitive and Motor development in school going children. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 100 healthy volunteers’ children of both sexes with age range between 50-70 months enrolled in the current study. Motor development was evaluated by Peabody developmental motor scale 2 and cognitive development was evaluated by Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence(WPPSI) for both groups of children of smokers` parents and children of non smokers` parents. Results: A statistical significant difference of cognitive development with mean value of total I.Q. were 107.4+9.8 for study group (children of smokers` parents) and 112.4+6.5 for control group (children of non smokers` parents) while statistical insignificant difference of motor development was recorded in both groups except locomotion there was statistical significant difference with mean value 170.8±9.2 for study group and 174.6±5.4 for control group. Conclusion: Passive smoking has effect on cognitive development and effect on motor development in preschool children.
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How to cite this article:

Marian Mamdouh Fayez and Amira El-Tohamy, 2018. Passive Smoking Effect on Cognitive and Motor Development in Preschool Children in Cairo. Journal of Medical Sciences, 18: 192-197.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2018.192.197

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2018.192.197

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