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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2018 | Volume: 18 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 172-179
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2018.172.179
 
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Prevalence, Pattern and Predictors of Disclosure among HIV Positive Clients of FMC Bida Art Clinic

S.A. Adefemi , M.A. Abayomi, A.O. Adekanye and Y. Mohammed

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Disclosures of HIV serostatus is a vital public health strategy in HIV care and prevention efforts. This study attempts to determine, the prevalence, patterns and predictors of HIV serostatus disclosure among attendees of the ART clinic of Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Nigeria. It’s hoped that the findings from this study will guide health promotion and counseling among those infected and affected. Materials and Methods: This was a facility based cross-sectional study carried out at ART clinic on 325 clients selected by systematic random sampling. Data was collected using a structured interviewer administered questionnaire. Results: The level of disclosure to at least someone was 283 (87.0%). All those who disclose were to sexual partners but only 250 (88.3%) of these were to the spouses. The factors associated with HIV disclosure are age (26-45 years), being married and in a monogamous relationship and having once spouse as a sexual partner. In addition, prior counseling before testing, awareness of partner status, being on HAART, use of condom membership of support group and supportive perception of support received. However in the multivariate logistic regression only being married (OR = 0.08, 95% CI = 0.03-0.23, p<0.001), being on HAART (OR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.00-0.01, P 0.018) and being Awareness of partner HIV status (OR = 0.15, 95% CI = 0.06-0.36, p<0.001) were predictors of serostatus disclosure. Conclusion: Majority of the respondents disclose to at least someone, especially to their sexual partners. HIV prevention programs should focus on ensuring mutual disclosure of HIV test results and targeting at risk groups.
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How to cite this article:

S.A. Adefemi, M.A. Abayomi, A.O. Adekanye and Y. Mohammed, 2018. Prevalence, Pattern and Predictors of Disclosure among HIV Positive Clients of FMC Bida Art Clinic. Journal of Medical Sciences, 18: 172-179.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2018.172.179

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2018.172.179

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