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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2015 | Volume: 15 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 105-109
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2015.105.109
 
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Association between Walking and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in University Employees

Masitah Abdullah, Nur Zakiah Mohd Saat, Nor Farah Muhamad Fauzi, Chua Ying Hui and Sazlina Kamaralzaman

Abstract:
Walking is the simplest form of physical activity for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between walking and cardiovascular risk factors in a working adult population. Walking activity was assessed using a pedometer worn over three consecutive days. Anthropometric measurements of height, weight, waist circumference, as well as blood pressure, fasting glucose and lipid concentrations were also determined. In this cross-sectional study, 112 employees (aged 21-65 years, 64% females, Mean±SD BMI: 26.08±4.55 kg m‾2) from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Kampus Kuala Lumpur were recruited. On average, participants recorded 7521±3723 steps per day, which was below the recommended target of 10,000 steps per day. About 24 and 33% of employees were categorized as sedentary (<5000 steps/day) and low active (5000-7499 steps day–1), respectively. Only 17% of the participants achieved the recommended 10,000 steps day–1. There were no differences observed in daily walking steps between gender, BMI categories, job categories and age groups. Mean waist circumference for males (92.4±10.67 cm) and females (82.8±10.5 cm) were higher than normal. Other metabolic indices such as blood pressure, glucose and lipid levels appeared to be within normal values. Except for triglycerides, no significant correlation in between the number of steps and other metabolic indices were observed. In conclusion, the level of physical activity in the studied population was categorized as sedentary or low active and generally were not related with adverse risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Notwithstanding, an awareness program to increase the level of physical activity through walking is much encouraged in this population.
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How to cite this article:

Masitah Abdullah, Nur Zakiah Mohd Saat, Nor Farah Muhamad Fauzi, Chua Ying Hui and Sazlina Kamaralzaman, 2015. Association between Walking and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in University Employees. Journal of Medical Sciences, 15: 105-109.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2015.105.109

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2015.105.109

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