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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 483-487
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2013.483.487
 
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Seminal Plasma Selenium, Calcium, Magnesium and Zinc Levels in Infertile Men

I.E. Bassey, O.E. Essien, A.E. Udoh, I.U. Imo and I.O. Effiong

Abstract:
Infertility constitutes a major part of the health problems in our society. Many factors may be responsible for male infertility; this study was designed to determine the relationship between seminal plasma levels of selenium, zinc, calcium and magnesium and semen parameters in patients with male infertility. Eighty males of Nigerian origin with history of infertility provided standard semen specimens for fertility assessment while sixty two aged matched apparently healthy subjects were used as controls. The infertile men were classified as oligospermic, asthenospermic and azoospermic, using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. The seminal plasma selenium and zinc concentrations were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry while calcium and magnesium concentrations were estimated by colorimetric methods. Descriptive seminal fluid analyses were performed on all the samples according to the World Health Organization standard. The concentration of seminal plasma calcium and magnesium were significantly higher (p<0.05) in the fertile group than the infertile cohorts. The seminal plasma zinc and selenium levels were not significantly different (p>0.05) between the control and the infertile groups. There was a significant positive correlation between calcium and percentage motility (r = 0.529, p<0.05), sperm count and percentage motility (r = 0.266, p<0.05), selenium and sperm count showed a weak positive correlation. Seminal plasma calcium and magnesium levels were significantly higher in the fertile than the infertile cohorts. These findings suggest that seminal plasma calcium and magnesium play a very important role in male fertility and should be considered as part of management plan for male infertility.
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How to cite this article:

I.E. Bassey, O.E. Essien, A.E. Udoh, I.U. Imo and I.O. Effiong, 2013. Seminal Plasma Selenium, Calcium, Magnesium and Zinc Levels in Infertile Men. Journal of Medical Sciences, 13: 483-487.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2013.483.487

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2013.483.487

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