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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 198-206
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2012.198.206
 
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Ownership and Utilization of Insecticide Treated Nets in Cross River State, Nigeria

U.W. Ibor, G.O. Aigbe, A.I. Iwara, O.E. Okongor and I.I. Okino

Abstract:
Vector control through the use of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) has been identified as a major component of malaria prevention and control. The study examined ownership and utilization of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) in malaria high risk areas of Cross River State, Nigeria. Data were obtained through the administration 351 copies of structured questionnaire to care-givers of households in four malaria endemic areas where free distribution of Insecticide Treated Nets has been concluded. The result of Pearson’s correlation indicated a low positive and significant association between ownership and utilization of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs)(r-Value = 0.12;p< 0.05), whereas, the Multiple Regression result depicted that 5% of those who used ITNs were influenced by age (x1) , gender (x2), household size (x3) and education (x4). Out of the four predictor variables, gender (0.51) and education (0.078) were statistically significant while age (0.037) and household size (-0.055) were insignificant. The study revealed that sex differential and education constituted the prominent factors that influenced the utilization of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs). The study concluded that although not all households surveyed owned ITNs, nevertheless, the utilization of ITNs among net owning households was impressive, mostly by the vulnerable group. The study recommended continuous free distribution, periodic household survey and expanding public knowledge on the benefits of ITNs utilization.
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How to cite this article:

U.W. Ibor, G.O. Aigbe, A.I. Iwara, O.E. Okongor and I.I. Okino, 2012. Ownership and Utilization of Insecticide Treated Nets in Cross River State, Nigeria. Journal of Medical Sciences, 12: 198-206.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2012.198.206

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2012.198.206

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