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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 220-225
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2011.220.225
 
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The Effects of Two Nigerian Made Perfumes on the Liver of Adult Wistar Rat
G.G. Akunna, L.C. Saalu, O.S. Ogunmodede, B. Ogunlade, G.A. Adefolaju and A.J. Bello

Abstract:
The use of perfumes is becoming increasingly popular in our environment. Attention is therefore understandably being focused on the safety of these perfumes. Hence, this study aimed to determine changes in the anatomical parameters of the liver and the activities of the biomarker enzymes of the liver (alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase) following the exposure of the rats to two popularly used Nigerian made perfumes. Thirty-six Wistar rats were allocated into groups: A, B, C, D, E and F with each group consisting of six rats. Animals in groups C and D were exposed to the first and second perfumes by inhalation respectively for 77 days; animals in groups E and F were exposed to the first and second perfumes by inhalation respectively for a period of 154 days, while groups A and B animals served as the control groups for the periods of 77 days and 154 days, respectively. The rats were sacrificed at the end of each period of exposure after which blood was obtained for enzyme assay and the liver weights, liver volumes, liver weight/body weight ratio were evaluated. The results showed a significant decrease in the animals body weights, liver weights, liver volumes and liver weight/bodyweight ratios in the experimental groups of rats as compared to the control groups. There were also increases in the activities of alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. It is concluded that these perfumes have a deleterious effect on the rat liver.
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How to cite this article:

G.G. Akunna, L.C. Saalu, O.S. Ogunmodede, B. Ogunlade, G.A. Adefolaju and A.J. Bello, 2011. The Effects of Two Nigerian Made Perfumes on the Liver of Adult Wistar Rat. Journal of Medical Sciences, 11: 220-225.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2011.220.225

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2011.220.225

COMMENTS
14 November, 2011
Evelyn Ezih:
Nice piece of work...its high time scientist questions some of these products.....but then can i do without perfumes....lol
04 December, 2011
bayo ade:
As much as i like this article,its only exposing the negative deeds of Nigeria...
04 December, 2011
jane ogunfadewo:
why didnt you give us the name of the perfumes.....so we can avoid it...hahaa....but then are you sure it can affect human as the study is on rats...................
 
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