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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2008 | Volume: 8 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 254-261
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2008.254.261
The Association of Hypertension with Major Risks Factors among University Putra Malaysia Retirees
A.L. Latiffah, P. Hanachi and S. Khania

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors among University Putra Malaysia (UPM) retirees in Klang Valley, Malaysia. This study was conducted among UPM retirees aged 50 years and above. Seventy-three respondents (males n = 62, females n = 11) were selected randomly and interviewed using a pre-designed questionnaire to collect information on the above variables. Blood pressure and anthropometric parameters measurement were done using standardized technique. Prevalence of hypertension was 32.88% in males and 36.36% in females, with the highest proportion among those aged 70 years and above (75%). Isolated systolic hypertension was detected in 50% hypertensive subjects. The mean systolic blood pressure was 133.73±16.35 mmHg with a significant difference observed in age group and various ethnics (p<0.05). The mean diastolic blood pressure was 81.99±9.46 mmHg. Among hypertensive subjects, 70.83% were aware of their hypertension and 82.35% (14) were currently under treatment. Among ever diagnosed hypertensive, 73.33% were currently under treatment and a mere 40.91% achieved blood pressure control. Factors found to be significantly associated with hypertension were literacy (χ2 = 16.51, df = 2, p<0.05) and previous job (χ2 = 8.82, df = 1, p<0.05). The prevalence of hypertension in this study was high. It is highly recommend that proper screening of blood pressure should be emphasized among the retirees to increase their awareness on the importance of blood pressure control and to improve lifestyle modification of hypertension.
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How to cite this article:

A.L. Latiffah, P. Hanachi and S. Khania, 2008. The Association of Hypertension with Major Risks Factors among University Putra Malaysia Retirees. Journal of Medical Sciences, 8: 254-261.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2008.254.261

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2008.254.261

 
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