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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 2 | Page No.: 294-298
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2007.294.298
 
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Nutritional Assessment of Hemodialysis Patients

Ali A. Alshatwi, Agdir Alshmary and Abdrohman Al-Khalifa

Abstract:
The objective of this study was to evaluate the nutrition status of chronic renal failure (CRF) patients. The study was carried out in 61 CRF patients (29 males and 32 females) who had been undergoing Maintenance Hemodialysis (MH). The mean intake of energy was 19.4±6.8 kcal/kg/day. Notably 95.1% of patients had energy intake below the recommendations for hemodialysis patients (HP) (30-35 kcal/kg/day). The mean intake of dietary protein was 0.8±0.4 g/kg/day which was substantially less than the recommended intake for hemodialysis patients (HP) (1.2-1.4 g/kg/day). About 82% of patients had the protein intake below 1.2 g/kg/day. The intake of calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamin C, vitamin B6, folate and vitamin B12 was also inadequate. Most of patients had intake of these nutrients below the recommendations. The mean serum albumin level was 3.37±6.5 g dL-1 which was substantially less than normal range. Moreover, 60% of patients had a serum albumin level of less than 3.5 g dL-1. The mean hemoglobin concentration was 11.4 g dL-1 with 48% of patients had hemoglobin concentrations below normal levels; meanwhile 46% of patients had hematocrit value below 30%. In conclusion, malnutrition is common in HP and high percent of HP in Saudi Arabia are at high risk mortality and morbidity. It seem important to take some responsible and effective steps to correct the malnutrition of HP. Increasing the intake of energy, protein and other nutrients, especially, calcium, iron, folate, vitamin B12, vitamin B6 and vitamin C is recommended for HP.
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How to cite this article:

Ali A. Alshatwi, Agdir Alshmary and Abdrohman Al-Khalifa, 2007. Nutritional Assessment of Hemodialysis Patients. Journal of Medical Sciences, 7: 294-298.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2007.294.298

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2007.294.298

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