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Journal of Medical Sciences
  Year: 2004 | Volume: 4 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 183-187
DOI: 10.3923/jms.2004.183.187
 
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Studies on the Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus in Relation to Sex, Age, Promotive Factors, Associated Symptoms and Season Among Human Urban

Kamran Tassaduqe , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Humera Kalsoom , Asma Salam and Soban Umar

Abstract:
The present study was carried out to assess prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in relation to sex, age, promotive factors, associated symptoms and season among human urban population of Multan, Pakistan for a period of 32 months from June 2001-February 2004. The present study was based on the data, collected randomly from the human population aging from 1-72 years. The population was divided into three age groups i.e old (age above 50 years), mature (age 13-50 years) and young (age below 13 years). The results from the present study suggested that among the observed urban population of Multan (n=2531), prevalence of HBV was 7.94%. The prevalence of HBV when studied in different age groups of both sexes, it was found that prevalence of HBV was maximum (9.63%) in mature males as compared to young males (6.14%) and old males (5.44%). The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen was higher (7.94%) in young females as compared to mature females (7.32%) and old females (6.80%). The main promotive factors for HBV were unscreened blood transfusion 56 (27.86%), infected syringes 34 (16.91%), contaminated barber, parlor tools 32 (15.92%), contaminated dentist equipments 29 (14.43%) and contaminated surgery equipment 25 (12.44%). The reported cases of HBV positive patients were maximum in summer 146 (72.63%) as compared to 55 (27.36%) in winter.
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How to cite this article:

Kamran Tassaduqe , Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Humera Kalsoom , Asma Salam and Soban Umar , 2004. Studies on the Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus in Relation to Sex, Age, Promotive Factors, Associated Symptoms and Season Among Human Urban. Journal of Medical Sciences, 4: 183-187.

DOI: 10.3923/jms.2004.183.187

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jms.2004.183.187

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