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Research Journal of Microbiology
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 15 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 98-108
DOI: 10.3923/jm.2020.98.108
 
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Cropping Practices and Fungal Contamination in Banana Plantations in Côte d’Ivoire

Toualy Serge Ouina , Jean-Michel Panoff, Stephanie Gente, David Garon, Jean-Philippe Rioult, Tia Jean Gonnety and Marina Koussémon

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Bananas are very important crops for food and economic level in Côte d’Ivoire. For purposes of contributing to the development of this crop, this study aimed at determining the social and microbiological characteristics of some banana plantations in the region of Loh-Djiboua (Côte d’Ivoire). Materials and Methods: Cropping practices observed in banana plantations were determined through an investigation carrying out in August, 2014 and focusing on the identification of these plantations and human resources, maintenance of plantations, generally. Fungal species were isolated on culture media, from soils of investigated plantations. Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4) was researched through culture-dependent and culture-independent molecular approaches. Results: All investigated banana plantations are small farms. Banana plants were grown using the system of pure or associated crops. An aligned or random disposition was observed for these plants. Banana producers used pesticides in their plantations. Fungi found in the soil of these plantations belong to the genera Aspergillus, Chrysonilia, Eupenicillium, Fusarium, Paecilomyces, Penicillium, Phoma, Rhizopus, Syncephalastrum and Trichoderma. Genus and species found in more plantations are Trichoderma and F. oxysporum, respectively. From 6 plantations harboring F. oxysporum, Foc TR4 is found in 5 plantations. Conclusion: Soil mycoflora of investigated plantations include phytopathogenic, endophytic and toxinogenic fungi. These social and microbiological characteristics constitute important indicators for taking adequate measures to prevent the growth of phytopathogenic and toxinogenic fungi and mycotoxin production in post-harvest products.
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How to cite this article:

Toualy Serge Ouina, Jean-Michel Panoff, Stephanie Gente, David Garon, Jean-Philippe Rioult, Tia Jean Gonnety and Marina Koussémon, 2020. Cropping Practices and Fungal Contamination in Banana Plantations in Côte d’Ivoire. Research Journal of Microbiology, 15: 98-108.

DOI: 10.3923/jm.2020.98.108

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jm.2020.98.108

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