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Research Journal of Microbiology
  Year: 2015 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 288-307
DOI: 10.3923/jm.2015.288.307
Prevalence, Antibiogram and Growth Potential of Salmonella and Shigella in Ethiopia: Implications for Public Health: A Review
Gosa Girma

Abstract:
This article has reviewed the available researches that obtained from peer-reviewed literatures on Salmonellosis and Shigellosis in different parts of Ethiopia. The prevalence of Salmonella and Shigella, the causative agent for Salmonellosis and Shigellosis, respectively, their antibiogram and growth potential were the main objectives of this review. Food borne diseases related to unhygienic food handling practices remain a major public health problem across the globe. The problem is severe in developing countries due to limitations in securing optimal hygienic food handling practices. Data shows that an estimated 70% of cases of diarrheal diseases are associated with the consumption of foods contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms. Among these microorganisms Salmonella and Shigella are the major ones. In most studies of Antibiograms tests, Salmonella and Shigella spp. showed high resistance to the commonly used antibiotics, which indicate serious problems in antimicrobial therapy globally, especially in developing countries. In challenge studies, Salmonella and Shigella spp. reached the infective dose within 4-24 h of inoculation, respectively in various food samples. In this review, it is noted that these potentially pathogens are still public health problems. Therefore, there needs health education, frequent monitory and evaluation system of microbiological and antimicrobial surveillance so as to plan intervention strategies for at risk population in the area of water sanitation and hygienic food handling practice to minimize the burden posed by the diseases Salmonellosis and Shigellosis.
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How to cite this article:

Gosa Girma , 2015. Prevalence, Antibiogram and Growth Potential of Salmonella and Shigella in Ethiopia: Implications for Public Health: A Review. Research Journal of Microbiology, 10: 288-307.

DOI: 10.3923/jm.2015.288.307

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jm.2015.288.307

COMMENTS
18 August, 2015
Prof. Dukie Lumbe:
I have read the paper. It is well addressed and interesting article.
Nice piece of work.
22 October, 2015
Defer Awokie (PhD):
The article is presented updated advancement as a RESEARCH PAPER in the field of Knowledge.Well organized Piece of work in research ecosystem!!
08 August, 2016
Rabek D.Talib :
A good piece of work and provides significant useful data that enrich scientific knowledge. Interesting!
 
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