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Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 134-140
DOI: 10.3923/jfas.2017.134.140
Laboratory Screening of Biogenic Amines Producing Bacteria Potentially Threatens Human Health in Some Egyptian Fish and Fish Products
Waleed Salaheldin Soliman, Raafat Mohamed Shaapan, Laila Ali Mohamed, Abdelgaed M. Younes, MamdouhYousef Elgendy and Doha Ahmed Salah El din

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Fish and other fish products may be a causal agent of foodborne illnesses in humans if they contaminated by pathogenic bacteria, parasites, biogenic amines and toxins. The aim of this study was to screen some biogenic amines and their relation to microbial isolation in fish and fish products from the Egyptian markets. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 samples of fresh Mugil cephalus, smoked herring (Clupea harengus), fesikh (salted Mugil cephalus) and moloha (salted Hydrocynus forskahlii); 50 samples for each were collected randomly from markets and supermarkets of different localities in Egypt. Results: The bacteriological examination of tested samples revealed 207 bacterial isolates and were identified by using API strips. The most frequently isolated species were Vibrio anguillarum (17.4%), Micrococcus spp. (15.5%), Escherichia coli (12.1%), Enterobacter aerogenes (10.1%) and Aeromonas hydrophila (9.2%), while Pseudomonas fluorescens, Clostridium perfringens and Proteus mirabilis were isolated with low incidence (7.7, 6.8 and 6.3%, respectively). On the other hand Staphylococcus xylosus and Streptococcus uberis were isolated with very low incidence (3.4 and 1.4%). Screening of bacterial isolates demonstrated that 92 bacterial isolates (44.4%) were positive for biogenic amines production. From these, 43 (46.7%), 36 (39.1%) and 13 (14.2%) bacterial isolates were positive for cadaverine, putrescine and histamine, respectively. Some of these bacteria can cause serious diseases in fish and are often associated with human food borne disease. Conclusion: The application of early detection of biogenic amines producing bacteria and improvement of hygienic practices could reduce the risk of food poisoning.
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How to cite this article:

Waleed Salaheldin Soliman, Raafat Mohamed Shaapan, Laila Ali Mohamed, Abdelgaed M. Younes, MamdouhYousef Elgendy and Doha Ahmed Salah El din, 2017. Laboratory Screening of Biogenic Amines Producing Bacteria Potentially Threatens Human Health in Some Egyptian Fish and Fish Products. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 12: 134-140.

DOI: 10.3923/jfas.2017.134.140

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jfas.2017.134.140

 
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