Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
Blue
   
Curve Top
Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
  Year: 2016 | Volume: 9 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 62-74
DOI: 10.3923/jest.2016.62.74
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Investigation of the Electrocoagulation Treatment Technique for the Separation of Oil from Wastewater

O.A. Fadali, E.E. Ebrahiem, A. El- Gamil and Hossam Altaher

Abstract:
Oily wastewater represents a dangerous threat when discharged to receiving bodies. This research investigates electrocoagulation as a simple, effective and economic technique for treatment of such wastewater. Bench scale reactors were used to evaluate the factors that may affect the treatment of a wastewater obtained from Kuwait Gulf Oil Company. Aluminum was used as a sacrificial anode. Electrodes were arranged at different configurations (horizontal, vertical and vertical anode with horizontal cathode) to select the optimal one. Other tested operation parameters include time of treatment, current density, the distance between the electrodes, anode tubes diameters and the electrolyte concentration of the emulsion. The treatment efficiency was evaluated by comparing the initial and final turbidity of the treated wastewater. Experimental results indicate that the efficiency of oil separation increased with the increase of the treatment time, current density, anode diameter and concentration of electrolyte. However, it decreased with the increase of distance between electrodes. The horizontal arrangement gave the best results. The data shows that oil separation increases slightly with increasing temperature. The optimum time and current density for oil separation was determined as 30 min and 30 mA cm–2, respectively. These parameters reduced the turbidity of the wastewater from 95-5 NTU.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
How to cite this article:

O.A. Fadali, E.E. Ebrahiem, A. El- Gamil and Hossam Altaher, 2016. Investigation of the Electrocoagulation Treatment Technique for the Separation of Oil from Wastewater. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 9: 62-74.

DOI: 10.3923/jest.2016.62.74

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jest.2016.62.74

COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom