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Journal of Entomology
  Year: 2020 | Volume: 17 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 117-127
DOI: 10.3923/je.2020.117.127
 
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Mating Success and Reproductive Behavior of Black Soldier Fly Hermetia illucens L. (Diptera, Stratiomyidae) in Tropics

Ucu Julita , Lulu Lusianti Fitri, Ramadhani Eka Putra and Agus Dana Permana

Abstract:
Background and Objective: The Black Soldier Fly (BSF) is known as an alternative source of protein for feed. The limiting factor of sustainable production is the ability to produce a sustainable number of eggs. This study was aimed to understand the BSF mating behavior in tropical areas which necessary to suffice its mass production. Materials and Methods: The BSF mating activities, kept in outdoor screen cages in the dry season, were done during the breeding period for every 14 days, from 06:00 to 18:00. Data were analyzed according to descriptive statistical parameters. Results: The fly mating activities commence at the age of two up to eight days in good weather when the temperature begins to rise to 27-29°C, approximately from 09:00 to 14:00. Peak mating activities occurred when the intensity of the sun is at its highest between 11:00-12:00 and two to three days after emergence, with a mean duration of mating is 36 min. The sequence of BSF mating behavior is a stereotype, but leaking behavior appeared during copulation. Egg oviposition began on the 4th day after emergence, peaking at 13:00-14:00 and lasting until 17:00. The oviposition period ranged from four to ten days with a number of oviposited eggs ranged from 569 to 650 eggs per female. Conclusion: The BSF can perform optimal mating and reproductive behavior when maintained semi-outdoor conditions under direct and full sunlight in tropics. Albeit, the critical part of BSF mating behavior was during attempted copulation.
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How to cite this article:

Ucu Julita, Lulu Lusianti Fitri, Ramadhani Eka Putra and Agus Dana Permana, 2020. Mating Success and Reproductive Behavior of Black Soldier Fly Hermetia illucens L. (Diptera, Stratiomyidae) in Tropics. Journal of Entomology, 17: 117-127.

DOI: 10.3923/je.2020.117.127

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=je.2020.117.127

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