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Journal of Entomology
  Year: 2017 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 112-121
DOI: 10.3923/je.2017.112.121
 
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Integrated Pest Management of Date Palm Fruit Pests: A Review

Masoud Latifian

Abstract:
The spider mite (Oligonychus afrasiaticus) and the lesser date moth (Batrachedra amydraula Meyrick) are considered as the most significant pests of date palm in Iran. The objective of this study was to review of the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) tactics such as the use of biological control in combination with resistant cultivars, cultural and chemical control were implemented. It is speculated that the pest threats status and compare it with other studies for solving these pests using integrated pest management strategies. Augmentation of biological control were conducted by releasing the predator Stethorus gilvifrons and entomopathogenic bacteria, Bacillus thuringiensis for date mite and the lesser moth respectively. Agricultural practices including soil tillage, fertilization, irrigation, pruning, resistant cultivars, bunch covering and cluster arrangement played have an important share in completion of biological control. The cultivars resistance levels set integrated other control methods with biocontrol. Combining the forecasting model based on meteorological models and pest monitoring based on geostatistical models had been practically utilized as a computer program for decision-making system in date IPM. The socio-economic and extension factors have to be considered for expected adaptation level of date IPM. This program must be economically considered to optimize date production and to minimize pesticides pollutions. Biological control should be considered as the backbone of date palm IPM program.
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How to cite this article:

Masoud Latifian , 2017. Integrated Pest Management of Date Palm Fruit Pests: A Review. Journal of Entomology, 14: 112-121.

DOI: 10.3923/je.2017.112.121

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=je.2017.112.121

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