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Journal of Entomology
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 9 | Issue: 6 | Page No.: 382-388
DOI: 10.3923/je.2012.382.388
 
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Abundance of Nocturnal, Endophagous and Anthropophilic Anopheles Species in Relation to Human Malaria Transmission in an Urban and a Rural Community of Abia State, Nigeria

Kalu Mong Kalu, Nwogo Ajuka Obasi, Florence Onyemachi Nduka, Victor Oluoha Nwaugo and Ifeanyi Augustine Onuabuchi

Abstract:
In this study, abundance of nocturnal, endophagous and anthropophagous adult Anopheles species in relation to human malaria transmission in an urban setting (Umuahia) and a rural community (Uturu) in Abia State, Southeastern Nigeria, were comparatively investigated for a period of 24 months (January, 2009-December, 2010) using “night indoor human-balt insecticide spray sheet catches” and abundance of human malaria parasites vectors was also investigated. Peripheral blood smears were used to determine prevalence of malaria parasitaemia among inhabitants of the study communities. The results indicated that a total of 501 adult female Anopheles mosquitoes were caught: 171 (34.13%) comprising A. gambiae and A. funestus in Umuahia urban and 330 (65.87%) comprising A. gambiae, A. funestus and A. moucheti in Uturu community. The results also showed that A. moucheti was not found in Umuahia urban setting. Nocturnal, endophagous and anthropophilic Anopheles species were significantly more abundant in the rural area (Uturu) than the urban (Umuahia) at p<0.05. Prevalence rates of malaria parasitaemia between the two communities did not differ statistically at p<0.05: n = 231 (74.52%) in Umuahia urban and n = 230 (74.19%) in Uturu. Both urban and rural areas were coendemic for Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium malariae. There was no correlation between malaria vectors abundance and transmission at both the urban and rural setting of the study areas. Proper implementation of the use of impregnated bed net in both urban and rural areas for the control of malaria should be advocated.
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How to cite this article:

Kalu Mong Kalu, Nwogo Ajuka Obasi, Florence Onyemachi Nduka, Victor Oluoha Nwaugo and Ifeanyi Augustine Onuabuchi, 2012. Abundance of Nocturnal, Endophagous and Anthropophilic Anopheles Species in Relation to Human Malaria Transmission in an Urban and a Rural Community of Abia State, Nigeria. Journal of Entomology, 9: 382-388.

DOI: 10.3923/je.2012.382.388

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=je.2012.382.388

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