Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
FOLLOW US:     Facebook     Twitter
Blue
   
Curve Top
Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 276-283
DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2014.276.283
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
Impact of Climate Change Induced Coral Bleaching in the Northern Part of Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay, Southeast Coast of India
S. Manikandan, S. Ganesapandian, Manoj Singh, M. Anand and A.K. Kumaraguru

Abstract:
Coral reef ecosystem in the Gulf of Mannar and Palk bay have been extensively damaged due to over fishing, sedimentation, dynamite fishing etc. Coral bleaching is an usual phenomena in summer and at extreme case the bleaching response is fatal to the coral. Bottom temperature during the months of April and May 2010 had significant change in both GoM and Palk bay and ranged between 31 to 31.9°C. Massive corals Porites solida, Porites lutea and Favia spp. and branch corals Acropora cytherea, A. intermedia, A. formosa, A. nobilis and Mantipora digitata were affected. Percentage of coral bleaching during April 2010 was 72 and 75% in GoM and Palk bay, further this level increased to 85.1 and 87.2%, respectively. Coral recovery was found during June to August 2010 in GoM and Palk Bay region. The phenomenon of coral bleaching has been taking place periodically all over the world. Therefore, in spite of the odds, the corals will resurge under the sea, which we need to protect and conserve for our benefit.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
How to cite this article:

S. Manikandan, S. Ganesapandian, Manoj Singh, M. Anand and A.K. Kumaraguru, 2014. Impact of Climate Change Induced Coral Bleaching in the Northern Part of Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay, Southeast Coast of India. Journal of Biological Sciences, 14: 276-283.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2014.276.283

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2014.276.283

 
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

       

       

Curve Bottom