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Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2013 | Volume: 13 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 288-292
DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2013.288.292
Composition and Antioxidant Effect of the Essential Oils of the Flowers and Fruits of Ducrosia assadii Alava., a Unique Endemic Plant from Iran
Ali Assadipour, Fariba Sharififar, Maryam Robati, Vida Samzadeh and Khadijeh Esmaeilpour

Abstract:
Essential oils are a kind of secondary metabolites with a variety of valuable biological activities. In the present study, the essential oils of the flowering and fruiting tops of Ducrosia assadii Alava. (Apiaceae), were isolated separately by steam distillation and studied by Gas Chromatography (GC) and Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). Antioxidant effect of the essential oils was studied using diphenylpicrylhydrazil (DPPH) scavenging assay. The results indicated some quantitative but not qualitative differences between the analyzed oils. The major components of the oil were found to be n-decanal 46.68 and 42.21%, (n-decanol ) 13.79, 13.27% and (dodecanal) 10.01 and 8.8%, respectively in flowers and fruits. In both studied oils, oxygenated aliphatic compounds comprise the highest percentage of the oil (76.88, 77.71% in flower and fruit oil, respectively) while the sesquiterpenes were at low percentage in both oils. Both these oils exhibited relative antioxidant effect in comparison to butylated hydroxyanizole (BHA).The composition of the essential oil of D. assadii was completely different from the other studied species of the plant such as D. anethifolia and D. esmaeli which could be accounted for their biologic activities.
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How to cite this article:

Ali Assadipour, Fariba Sharififar, Maryam Robati, Vida Samzadeh and Khadijeh Esmaeilpour, 2013. Composition and Antioxidant Effect of the Essential Oils of the Flowers and Fruits of Ducrosia assadii Alava., a Unique Endemic Plant from Iran. Journal of Biological Sciences, 13: 288-292.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2013.288.292

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2013.288.292

 
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