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Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 8 | Page No.: 1368-1374
DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2007.1368.1374
 
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Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Serum Lipids and High Sensitivity C Reactive Protein in Cigarette Smokers
A.R. Rahbar, I. Nabipour and Z. Amiri

Abstract:
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of omega-3 fatty acids on lipid metabolism and low-grade inflammation in cigarette smokers. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 59 male cigarette subjects were randomly assigned to consume 3 g omega-3 fatty acids or corn oil/day for 8 weeks while continuing to consume their usual diet. High sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP) was determined by ELISA. Fifty-one subjects completed the study. Neither omega-3 fatty acids nor corn oil supplementation had a significant effect on triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol or total cholesterol concentrations. After adjustment for baseline values, fasting LDL-cholesterol concentrations increased 16.7% with omega-3 fatty acids supplementation (p< 0.05) in comparison with the change in the corn oil group. The intervention caused no significant changes in serum hs-CRP concentrations. In conclusion a daily intake of omega-3 fatty acids increases LDL-cholesterol by 8% in cigarette smokers and had not effects on serum triglyceride and hs-CRP concentrations.
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How to cite this article:

A.R. Rahbar, I. Nabipour and Z. Amiri , 2007. Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Serum Lipids and High Sensitivity C Reactive Protein in Cigarette Smokers. Journal of Biological Sciences, 7: 1368-1374.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2007.1368.1374

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2007.1368.1374

 
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