Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
FOLLOW US:     Facebook     Twitter
Blue
   
Curve Top
Journal of Biological Sciences
  Year: 2007 | Volume: 7 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 1163-1170
DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2007.1163.1170
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
Effect of Legume Root Rot Pathogens and Fungicide Seed Treatment on Nodulation and Biomass Accumulation
J.W. Muthomi, P.E. Otieno, G.N. Chemining wa, J.H. Nderitu and J.M. Wagacha

Abstract:
Greenhouse experiments were conducted over two cropping cycles to investigate the effect of fungicide seed treatment and fungal root rot pathogens on nodulation and dry matter accumulation of selected food legumes. The legumes were common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. variety GLP 2), green gram (Vigna radiata L. variety M66) and lablab (Lablab purpureus L.) while the pathogens were Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. phaseoli, Macrophomina phaseolina, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Rhizoctonia solani. Treatments consisted of inoculation of legume seeds with appropriate rhizobia alone, rhizobia together with fungicide, rhizobia together with pathogen and a combination of rhizobia, fungicide and pathogen. Fungicide copper oxychloride was used as a seed dresser. Rhizoctonia solani and S. sclerotiorum were more pathogenic and showed significantly increased seedling mortality and greater reduction in seedling emergence, number of nodules and root dry matter. Fungicide seed dressing significantly increased seedling emergence and reduced seedling mortality. However, fungicide seed dressing alone and in combination with pathogen depressed nodulation in all the legumes. Inoculation with F. oxysporum and M. phaseolina had no significant effect on nodulation in common bean. All the treatments had little or no significant effect on shoot dry matter. The results suggest that fungicide seed treatment in combination with rhizobia inoculation is beneficial in management of root rot and enhancement of nodulation in food legumes.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
How to cite this article:

J.W. Muthomi, P.E. Otieno, G.N. Chemining wa, J.H. Nderitu and J.M. Wagacha, 2007. Effect of Legume Root Rot Pathogens and Fungicide Seed Treatment on Nodulation and Biomass Accumulation. Journal of Biological Sciences, 7: 1163-1170.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2007.1163.1170

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2007.1163.1170

 
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

       

       

Curve Bottom