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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 19 | Issue: 7 | Page No.: 675-681
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2019.675.681
 
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Phytochemical Antibacterial Effect of Borrerial verticillata Extract on Bacteria Isolated from Some Fish Species of Ogbese River

Abidemi-Iromini Atilola Olateju and Oludairo Abolade Samuel

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Increased human interference on aquatic habitat resulted in pollution exposing fish to microbes pathogenic to man; hence, creating public health awareness. The aim of this study was to investigate the health status and bacterial occurrence in fishes, water and sediments of Ogbese river and Borrerial verticillate plant sensitivity against isolates. Materials and Methods: Gills, skins and intestines of Mormyrus rume, Parachanna obscura and Clarias gariepinus fishes of economic importance in Ogbese river were examined for bacterial occurrence using standard bacteriology measure. Serial dilution (104) in water was carried out; 1 g each of sample was cultured by pour plating on nutrient agar and incubated at 37°C for 24 h and anti-bacteria effect of aqueous Borrerial verticillata herbs on isolated bacteria were assessed using its zone of inhibition to know its natural antibacterial effectiveness. Data collected were subjected to descriptive and analytical statistics. Growth and bacteria data were subjected to one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and significant differences (p>0.01) between mean were separated by Duncan Multiple Range test using Computer Software SPSS version 20.0. Results: Bacteria load was highest in gills of Mormyrus rume and Parachanna obscura and highest in intestine of Clarias gariepinus. A total of 10 bacteria flora were isolated from fish samples and environment: Micrococccus spp., Bacillus subtilis, Proteus vulgaris, Streptococcus faecalis, Serratia marcescens, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Micrococcus luteus. Antibacterial effectiveness of aqueous B. verticilata on isolated bacteria, revealed Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli sensitive and Serratia marcescens was the most sensitive to aqueous B. verticilata. Conclusion: Aquatic environment and microbes depicted health status of fish as well as man and B. verticillate leaf extracts have proved sensitivity against some isolated bacteria in Ogbese river for public health purpose.
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How to cite this article:

Abidemi-Iromini Atilola Olateju and Oludairo Abolade Samuel, 2019. Phytochemical Antibacterial Effect of Borrerial verticillata Extract on Bacteria Isolated from Some Fish Species of Ogbese River. Journal of Applied Sciences, 19: 675-681.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2019.675.681

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2019.675.681

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