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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 19 | Issue: 4 | Page No.: 319-324
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2019.319.324
 
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Haematological Profile and Serum Biochemistry of West African Dwarf Goats Fed Sun-dried Yellow Cashew Pulp Based Diets

U. Okpanachi , G.A.C. Okpanachi, J. Kaye, C.I. Agu and E.O. Odah

Abstract:
Background and Objective: The urgent need for alternative feeding stuffs which are not in competition with humans and animals are not scarce but readily available at low cost led to the study of the effect of sun-dried yellow variety of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) pulp meal on the haematology and serum of west African dwarf goats. Materials and Methods: Four diets containing 0 (control), 10, 20 and 30% sun-dried yellow cashew pulp (SYCP) coded as T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively, were compared. Twenty growing goats of about 6-7 months having an average initial weight of 6.42 kg were randomly assigned to the treatments; each treatment had five experimental units. The goats were fed and watered ad libitum. Completely randomized design was used in this experiment and data obtained were subjected to one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) at 95% level of significance. Means that were significantly different were separated using least significant difference (LSD). At the end of the study, blood samples were collected from 3 replicates per treatment into EDTA bottles and EDTA-free bottles for haematological and serum biochemical analyses, respectively. Results: Results showed that the WBC was highly significantly affected (p<0.01) with goats fed T4 (30% SYCP) recording the highest WBC while those fed T2 (10% SYCP) recording the lowest WBC. White blood cell increased from T2 to T4 as the inclusion level of SYCP increased. The lymphocyte was significantly affected (p<0.05) by the levels of inclusion of cashew pulp meal with goats fed T2 (10% SYCP) recording the highest lymphocyte while those fed T1 (0% SYCP) recorded the lowest lymphocyte. All other haematological parameters were not significant (p>0.05). For results on serum biochemistry, total protein, urea and cholesterol were significantly affected (p<0.05) by the levels of sun-dried cashew pulp meal inclusion with goats on T4 recording the highest values for total protein and cholesterol while those on T3 recorded the lowest values for total protein and cholesterol. Goats on T3 recorded the highest urea value while those on T4 recorded the lowest value for urea. Conclusion: This study indicated that sun-dried cashew pulp can be fed to WAD goats up to 30% level of inclusion in diets without an adverse effect on the haematology and serum profile of the goats. This will also provide a cheaper source of feed and also help to reduce environmental pollution. The inclusion of sun-dried yellow cashew pulp in the diets of WAD goats to 30% level is strongly recommended.
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How to cite this article:

U. Okpanachi, G.A.C. Okpanachi, J. Kaye, C.I. Agu and E.O. Odah, 2019. Haematological Profile and Serum Biochemistry of West African Dwarf Goats Fed Sun-dried Yellow Cashew Pulp Based Diets. Journal of Applied Sciences, 19: 319-324.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2019.319.324

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2019.319.324

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