Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
Blue
   
Curve Top
Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2019 | Volume: 19 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 25-30
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2019.25.30
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Challenges and Spatial Distribution of Water Infrastructures (Boreholes) in Okene Town, Kogi State, Nigeria

Clement Ameh Yaro , Ezekiel Kogi, Agatha Eleojo Onoja, Taiwo Cletus Attah and Blessing Omeneke Zubairu

Abstract:
Background and Objective: Safe and reliable potable water infrastructures is a vital component of human development. Many communities across the world are yet to meet up with their daily water demand especially in developing countries leading to preventable diseases associated with lack of access to safe drinking water. This study was carried out to assess the challenges and distribution of boreholes in Okene town. Materials and Methods: A town-wide study was undertaken, geographical coordinates of boreholes were captured at point. A well-structured questionnaire was administered to obtain relevant information on the boreholes ownership, its functionality and challenges. Descriptive statistics was determined for the various variables measured. Chi-square test was used to determine the level of significance in functionality of the boreholes. Spatial distribution map of the boreholes was generated using the coordinates obtained. Results: A total of 285 boreholes were examined in Okene town, with 56.5 and 17.2%, by Private and State Government, respectively. About 97.9% of these boreholes were been operated using motorized pumping system and 31.6% were found not functioning. Two factors were responsible for non-functionality of the boreholes; broken/mechanical repair led to 90.7% of the boreholes not functioning while lack of human personal to maintain the boreholes led to 9.3% of the boreholes not functioning. The spatial distribution map revealed uneven distribution of the boreholes. Conclusion: A total of 285 boreholes were found in Okene town with uneven distribution. Majority of the boreholes are privately owned. Broken parts/mechanical repairs and lack of human personnel to maintain boreholes were the 2 factors that majorly affect the functionality of boreholes in Okene town.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
How to cite this article:

Clement Ameh Yaro, Ezekiel Kogi, Agatha Eleojo Onoja, Taiwo Cletus Attah and Blessing Omeneke Zubairu, 2019. Challenges and Spatial Distribution of Water Infrastructures (Boreholes) in Okene Town, Kogi State, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences, 19: 25-30.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2019.25.30

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2019.25.30

COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom