Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
Blue
   
Curve Top
Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2015 | Volume: 15 | Issue: 9 | Page No.: 1149-1157
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2015.1149.1157
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Development of a Natural Cross Draft Gasifier Stove for Application in Rural Communities in Sub-Saharan Africa

J.N. Nwakaire and B.O. Ugwuishiwu

Abstract:
The study was to develop a natural cross draft gasifier stove for application in rural households and to determine the performance of the stove using rice husk briquette and also test the emission properties of the stove. The moisture content of the rice briquette was 8.5% on wet basis. The heat of combustion was 15641.4 kJ kg–1. The efficiency of the stove was tested using Water Boiling Tests (WBT). The efficiency was 20.75 and 21.47% for high power cold start and high power hot start, respectively, which are the minimum and maximum efficiency of the stove. The average efficiency of the stove was 21.10%. The ignition duration and time required to boil 1.5 kg of water were 5.1 min for cold start test and 4.5 min for hot start test. The output power of the stove was observed to be range of 8.95-10.64 kW. The CO2 and CO emission was 6.5 and 5.1 g L–1. The Particulate Matter (PM) quantity was 3.02 g L–1. The results are near standards and modification can be done to improve stove efficiency.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Performance and Emission Characteristics of Supercharged Biomass Producer Gas-diesel Dual Fuel Engine
  •    Effect of Process Parameters on Hydrogen Production and Efficiency in Biomass Gasification using Modelling Approach
  •    Modeling and Simulation of Down Draft Wood Gasifier
  •    Development of a Laboratory Scale Updraft Gasifier
How to cite this article:

J.N. Nwakaire and B.O. Ugwuishiwu, 2015. Development of a Natural Cross Draft Gasifier Stove for Application in Rural Communities in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Applied Sciences, 15: 1149-1157.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2015.1149.1157

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2015.1149.1157

COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom