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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 24 | Page No.: 3479-3485
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2014.3479.3485
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Efficient Routing Techniques for Wireless Sensor Networks
Abdulkareem Abdulrahman Kadhim and Mohammed Wahhab Abdulrazzaq

In Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), sensor nodes perform sensing, processing and relaying operations that consume the energy of a sensor node. WSN routing protocols are concerned with forwarding data from the source to destination with less energy consumption to extend the network lifetime. Among the different WSNs routing protocols, the advantages of network structure classes (flat-based, hierarchical-based and location-based) routing protocols are considered here to introduce routing protocols that are suitable for different environments. Two clustering based routing protocols; Fixed-environment Location-based Clustering Routing Protocol (FLCRP) and a Mixed-environment Location-based Clustering Routing Protocol (MLCRP) are introduced in this study. The performance of the proposed protocols is evaluated and compared with Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) and Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy-Centralized (LEACH-C) protocols using NS2-Software with different scenarios. The results have shown that the proposed systems are better than LEACH and LEACH-C for small networks in terms of throughput, packet delivery ratio, delay, energy consumption. On the other hand and for large networks, LEACH and LEACH-C are better in terms of jitter and energy consumption.
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How to cite this article:

Abdulkareem Abdulrahman Kadhim and Mohammed Wahhab Abdulrazzaq, 2014. Efficient Routing Techniques for Wireless Sensor Networks. Journal of Applied Sciences, 14: 3479-3485.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2014.3479.3485








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