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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 23 | Page No.: 3182-3191
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2014.3182.3191
Application of Soot in the Removal of 2, 5-Dichlorophenol in Aqueous Medium
Collin G. Joseph, A. Bono, S.M. Anisuzzaman, D. Krishnaiah and W.C. Tan

Abstract:
The study aims to use, soot as adsorbent for the removal of 2, 5-dichlorophenol (2, 5-DCP) in aqueous medium. The adsorption kinetic and isotherm were studied using a variety of adsorption models. Soot, obtain from the exhaust pipe of vehicles, was a poor adsorbent with a very limited surface area. As such, the adsorption of 2, 5-DCP had to be conducted for 7 h in order to achieve equilibrium which was between the 240 and 360th min. The highest percentage of removal of 2, 5-DCP achieve was 43.9%. This showed that soot was a weak adsorbent. The experimental data showed that the adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherm of 2, 5-DCP by soot obeyed the pseudo-second order kinetic model (R2 = 0.9985) and Freundlich isotherm (R2 = 0.9825), respectively indicating that both physisorption and chemisorptions were instrumental in the adsorption process. Characterization of the soot recovered from the exhaust pipe showed that the ash content and moisture content in soot were quite high at 4.62 and 2.50%, respectively. The SEM indicated that the soot was nanoparticle in size (>100 nm) with non-visible pores. The soot had spherical shape and tend to cluster together forming aggregates. The FTIR showed that the functional groups such as O-H, C-H and C = O groups, may have contributed to the adsorption process. The BET isotherm indicated that soot obey the type III isotherm without the presence of hysteresis loop. Although this material is not a good adsorbent, it adsorptive ability may be improved by altering its structure chemically providing a waste to wealth opportunity.
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How to cite this article:

Collin G. Joseph, A. Bono, S.M. Anisuzzaman, D. Krishnaiah and W.C. Tan, 2014. Application of Soot in the Removal of 2, 5-Dichlorophenol in Aqueous Medium. Journal of Applied Sciences, 14: 3182-3191.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2014.3182.3191

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2014.3182.3191

 
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