Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
FOLLOW US:     Facebook     Twitter
Blue
   
Curve Top
Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2014 | Volume: 14 | Issue: 12 | Page No.: 1355-1358
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2014.1355.1358
Analysis of the Chemical Compositions and Fiber Morphology of Pineapple (Ananas comosus) Leaves in Malaysia
Zawawi Daud, Mohd Zainuri Mohd Hatta, Angzzas Sari Mohd Kassim and Ashuvila Mohd Aripin

Abstract:
Malaysia relies on agriculture as one of its economy sector. Unavoidably, abundance quantity of agro wastes is produced at every harvesting season. With proper planning and management, the agro waste material can benefit to many production industries. The studied crop is pineapple (Ananas comosus) leaves. This agro waste material has a high potential to become an alternative fiber in paper making industry. The objective of this study is to analyse the chemical compositions of pineapple leaves and to investigate the fiber morphology properties of pineapple leaves fiber. The chemical compositions of fiber were analyzed by TAPPI Test method, Chlorination method and Kurschner-Hoffner method. Chemical compositions analysed are Cellulose (Kurschner-Hoffner), Holocellulose (Chlorination method), Hemicellulose (Chlorination method), Ash content (T211-om-93), Lignin content (T222-om-98) and Sodium Hydroxide solubility (T203-om-88). Results indicate pineapple leaves have a high Holocellulose content (85.7%), followed by Cellulose (66.2%) and Hemicellulose (19.5%) content. Lignin content is the lowest (4.2%) compared to other chemical compositions in this study. Pineapple leaves morphology was observed by Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM) which showed a condensed composition of fiber structure. The chemical compositions and morphology study of pineapple leaves indicate that it is suitable to be used as an alternative pulp in paper making industry, promoting the green technology.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
How to cite this article:

Zawawi Daud, Mohd Zainuri Mohd Hatta, Angzzas Sari Mohd Kassim and Ashuvila Mohd Aripin, 2014. Analysis of the Chemical Compositions and Fiber Morphology of Pineapple (Ananas comosus) Leaves in Malaysia. Journal of Applied Sciences, 14: 1355-1358.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2014.1355.1358

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2014.1355.1358

 
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

       

       

Curve Bottom