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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 48-55
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.48.55
 
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Does Technology and Other Determinants Effect Fishing Efficiency? An Application of Stochastic Frontier and Data Envelopment Analyses on Trawl Fishery

Lim Ghee-thean, Ismail Abd Latif and Md. Ariff Hussein

Abstract:
Echo sounder is playing an important role in fishery. This technology is mostly installed in trawl and purse-seines vessels which are considered the commercial vessels with huge landings per trip. The main objective of this study was to investigate the level of technical efficiency and the effects of fishing technologies and other determinants on technical inefficiency of local trawl vessels operating in Penang, Malaysia. Information on landings per trip, number of crew, fishing days per trip, diesel consumed per trip, gross registered tonnage and horsepower of vessels were gathered and analyzed using two approaches namely, Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The determinants of technical inefficiency (family background, age, years of experience as a captain and education level of fishermen together with age of vessel and possession of echo sounder) were analyzed using SFA and Tobit regression. The mean technical efficiency based on DEA approach was 56.6% while that of SFA approach was 71.7%. The inefficiency models from both SFA and Tobit regression consistently indicated that possession of echo sounder was the only significant variable having positive influence on technical efficiency. Although the cost of echo sounder installation is relatively high and generally beyond the means of the fishermen, the government can assist by providing loans, subsidies and incentives for the fishermen to install echo sounder.
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How to cite this article:

Lim Ghee-thean, Ismail Abd Latif and Md. Ariff Hussein, 2012. Does Technology and Other Determinants Effect Fishing Efficiency? An Application of Stochastic Frontier and Data Envelopment Analyses on Trawl Fishery. Journal of Applied Sciences, 12: 48-55.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.48.55

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2012.48.55

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