Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
Curve Top
Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 5 | Page No.: 402-415
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.402.415
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Boron in Produced Water: Challenges and Improvements: A Comprehensive Review

Ezerie Henry Ezechi, Mohamed Hasnain Isa and Shamsul Rahman Bin Mohamed Kutty

Boron concentration in produced water is significantly high. Produced water is water trapped in underground formation that is brought to surface along with oil and gas during drilling. Because this water has been in contact with the hydrocarbon formation for centuries, it now contains some of the characteristics of the formation as well as the hydrocarbons itself. Concisely, boron concentration in produced water makes produced water unusable if not properly removed. The World Health Organization (WHO) regulation guidelines for discharge of water into the environment set boron concentration at 0.5 mg L-1 for potable water. Many technologies have been developed to remove boron from produced water. However, there have been series of reported limitations based on the molecular weight of boron as well as its ionic dissociation constant. The health implication of boron consumption is enormous because according to the medico-biological investigations, boron compounds belong to the second class of the toxicological danger. The purpose of this study is to make an extensive review on published literatures on boron removal technologies in general, parameters that affect the efficiency of different treatment technologies, its importance, toxicity, deficiency and dissociation constant.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
  •    Nutrient Removal from Wastewater by Integrated Attached Growth Bioreactor
  •    Determination of Decay Coefficient of Biomass through Endogenous Respiration
  •    Chemical Oxygen Demand Removal from Wastewater by Integrated Bioreactor
  •    COD and BOD Reduction of Domestic Wastewater using Activated Sludge, Sand Filters and Activated Carbon in Saudi Arabia
  •    Flux and Rejection of Methyldiethanolamine from Wastewater by Composite Reverse Osmosis Membrane
  •    2D Model for Diffusion of Oxygen with Biochemical Reaction During Biofilm Formation Process in Static Aqueous Medium
  •    Biodegradation of Methyl tert-butyl Ether by Microbial Consortium
How to cite this article:

Ezerie Henry Ezechi, Mohamed Hasnain Isa and Shamsul Rahman Bin Mohamed Kutty, 2012. Boron in Produced Water: Challenges and Improvements: A Comprehensive Review. Journal of Applied Sciences, 12: 402-415.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.402.415






Curve Bottom