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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 3 | Page No.: 296-300
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.296.300
 
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The Effects of Chain Extender on Viscosity and Mechanical Properties of Poly (Buthylene Terephthalate) Blending with Recycled Poly (Ethylene Terephthalate)-glass Fiber Composite

A.R. Rahmat, P.S. Lim, Lee Tin Sin, Soo-Tueen Bee and Tiam-Ting Tee

Abstract:
In this study, multi-functional styrene-acrylic oligomers was used as the chain extender in poly butylenes terephthalate/recycled glass-filled poly ethylene terephthalate (PBT/RGF-PET) blends. Normally, usage of recycled plastics is favourable but somehow, during the reprocessing causes loss of properties. Thus, chain extender was added to restore the viscosity and mechanical properties of PBT/PET blends due to the incorporation of recycled poly (ethylene terephthalate) has lowered viscosity and molecular weight. Chain extender at 0.50 and 0.65 wt.% was added into 50/50 PBT/RGF-PET using melt compounding method to compare viscosity and mechanical properties with virgin PBT and RGF-PET, respectively. Addition of chain extender has improved the viscosity of the PBT/RGF-PET which was in relation to the increment of molecular weight. When 0.50 wt.% of chain extender was added to PBT/RGF-PET blend at ratio of 50:50, the flexural modulus increased 9.6% to 3530 MPa compared to the original flexural modulus at 3220 MPa. This showed that a small amount of chain extender was successfully to improve the flexural modulus. The increment of molecular weight as induced by the addition of chain extender improved the impact resistance of the PBT/RGF-PET from 17 to 20.3 kJ m-2 for addition of 0.50 wt.% chain extender.
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How to cite this article:

A.R. Rahmat, P.S. Lim, Lee Tin Sin, Soo-Tueen Bee and Tiam-Ting Tee, 2012. The Effects of Chain Extender on Viscosity and Mechanical Properties of Poly (Buthylene Terephthalate) Blending with Recycled Poly (Ethylene Terephthalate)-glass Fiber Composite. Journal of Applied Sciences, 12: 296-300.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.296.300

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2012.296.300

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