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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2012 | Volume: 12 | Issue: 18 | Page No.: 1891-1899
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.1891.1899
 
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The Effect of Text and Picture Accompaniments to Audio Materials on Comprehension Level and Response Time of EFL Learners
Samad Sajjadi, Hooshang Yazdani, Mohammad-Reza Sohrabi and Ataollah Maleki

Abstract:
Visual aids accompanying listening tasks are of special significance in second or foreign language teaching. This study examined the effects of text/picture accompaniments to audio recordings on language learners' performance. The main aim was to investigate the effect of texts and pictures, presented jointly, on audio-based listening scores and response time. A group of language learners took some listening comprehension tests, with or without text/picture aids, under three conditions of (1) text/picture-before listening to audio recordings, (2) text/picture-during listening to audio recordings and (3) text/picture-free listening. According to results from tests of within-subjects effects and pair-wise comparisons, listeners' scores varied significantly across the three test conditions (p = 0.002), with 82, 73 and 72 for the text/picture-before, text/picture-during and text/picture-free listening, respectively. As for the response time, the text/picture-before and text/picture-during conditions consumed significantly more time than the text/picture-free condition (M = 40.97 and 40.12 versus 23.61 sec). The response time was significantly affected by the presentation modes (texts, pictures or audio recording) used to convey audio information, especially in the text/picture-included conditions.
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How to cite this article:

Samad Sajjadi, Hooshang Yazdani, Mohammad-Reza Sohrabi and Ataollah Maleki, 2012. The Effect of Text and Picture Accompaniments to Audio Materials on Comprehension Level and Response Time of EFL Learners. Journal of Applied Sciences, 12: 1891-1899.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2012.1891.1899

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2012.1891.1899

 
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