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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 17 | Page No.: 3209-3214
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2011.3209.3214
 
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Estimating the Greenhouse Gas Emission from Petroleum Product Combustion in Nigeria

O. Anomohanran

Abstract:
The fact that the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are increasing and contributing to the degradation of the environment has elicited global concern. One greenhouse gas which plays prominent role in this regard is carbon dioxide (CO2). Hence, this study investigated the amount of CO2 emissions obtained from petroleum products consumed in Nigeria from 1990 to 2009. Data were obtained from record of all petroleum products distributed and consumed in Nigeria within this period. These were subjected to the Tier 1 method of greenhouse gas determination using the Reference Approach. Result showed that 518.84 million metric tons (mmt) of CO2 was released into the atmosphere between 1990 and 2009. This value represents 0.26% when compared with the global value of 202,640 mmt. Result also showed that there was a remarkable decrease in the total CO2 emission in the first ten years from a peak value of 30.76 mmt in 1992 to a low value of 17.26 mmt in 1999. Between 2000 and 2009, greenhouse gas emission increased systematically reaching a peak of 32.56 mmt. Result also suggests that the consumption of Premium Motor Spirit, Automotive Gas Oil and House Hold Kerosene constituted 85% of the total emission in the past twenty years. Furthermore, the study showed that the average yearly increase in CO2 emission in the past ten years was 4.7% as against global average rate of 1.9%. It is recommended that good and efficient energy utilization process be put in place in Nigeria.
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How to cite this article:

O. Anomohanran , 2011. Estimating the Greenhouse Gas Emission from Petroleum Product Combustion in Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences, 11: 3209-3214.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2011.3209.3214

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2011.3209.3214

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