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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 11 | Page No.: 1921-1928
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2011.1921.1928
 
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Evaluation of Heat and Mass Transfer Coefficients for R134a/DMF Bubble Absorber

M. Suresh and A. Mani

Abstract:
The Vapour Absorption Refrigeration System (VARS) has generated renewed interest and is being viewed as one of the alternatives for vapour compression refrigeration due to its potential for waste heat utilization. To improve the efficiency of these systems, it is necessary to study heat and mass transfer processes in absorption system components. The absorber, one of the crucial components in VARS is considered for study. Experimental investigation is carried out to study heat and mass transfer characteristics in a glass absorber. A new combination of R134a/DMF is used as the working fluid to overcome the limitations of well known working pairs, ammonia-water and lithium bromide-water. The effects of parameters viz., gas flow rate, solution initial concentration, solution pressure and solution temperature on absorber performance are analyzed. Heat and mass transfer coefficients evaluated from the experiments are compared with the numerical model and it is found that agreement is good. Heat and mass transfer coefficients increase as the gas flow rate, solution initial concentration and solution temperature increase whereas they decrease as the solution pressure increases. Sherwood number and Nusselt number evaluated from the experimental data are compared with those obtained from the numerical correlations developed earlier by the authors.
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How to cite this article:

M. Suresh and A. Mani, 2011. Evaluation of Heat and Mass Transfer Coefficients for R134a/DMF Bubble Absorber. Journal of Applied Sciences, 11: 1921-1928.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2011.1921.1928

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2011.1921.1928

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