Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
Blue
   
Curve Top
Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2011 | Volume: 11 | Issue: 1 | Page No.: 183-191
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2011.183.191
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Civil and Military Birdstrikes in Europe: An Ornithological Approach

I. Kitowski

Abstract:
Gulls and diurnal raptors posit the greatest danger for both military and civil air traffic in Europe. Less dangerous turn out to be Swallows, Swifts, Pigeons, European Starlings and Northern Lapwings. Storks, Herons and Vultures are dangerous locally. The most tragic accidents are caused by Gulls, European Starlings and Northern Lapwings. The most frequently used methods of bird deterrence are falconry, pyrotechnics and the broadcasting of distress calls. Bird deterrence methods with the use of lasers and radio controlled models are currently only being developed. A great future challenge for European air traffic will be connected with the rising populations of large wetland birds.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
How to cite this article:

I. Kitowski , 2011. Civil and Military Birdstrikes in Europe: An Ornithological Approach. Journal of Applied Sciences, 11: 183-191.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2011.183.191

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2011.183.191

COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Curve Bottom