Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Science Alert
 
FOLLOW US:     Facebook     Twitter
Blue
   
Curve Top
Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2010 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 16 | Page No.: 1775-1780
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2010.1775.1780
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
One-step Extraction of Multiresidue Pesticides in Soil by Microwave-assisted Extraction Technique
M.H. El-Saeid, M.I. Al- Wabel, G. Abdel-Nasser, A.M. Al- Turki and A.G. Al- Ghamdi

Abstract:
A screening multi-residues method based on the Microwave-Assisted Extraction (MAE) technique has been optimized using soil samples collected from 15 regions in Saudi Arabia. This method was used to extract 12 pesticide residues with a broad range of physico-chemical properties in agricultural soils containing to Organophosphorous, Organochlorines, Pyrethroids and Carbamates mainly used in agriculture. All MAE factors affecting the extraction techniques (heating, pressure, power, time and solvent volume) of the targeted compounds were studied through experimental design to obtain a simple MAE method and evaluate the optimum extraction condition compared with traditional Soxhlet method for soil samples. The tested pesticide residues in the extracts of both techniques were analyzed by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS). The results were compared for the percentage of recovery, time consumption and volume of organic solvent used in each extraction procedure. The results indicated that the MAE method had the advantages resulting from the use of a low volume of organic solvent (acetone: hexane, 3:2), an unnecessary cleanup step and good efficiency to extract different groups of pesticides in soils at residual levels in 20 min, this compared with Soxhlet method. All the compounds extracted by MAE method were recovered in good yields and Minimum Detection Limits (MDL) ranging from 0.0001 to 0.004 mg kg-1. The MAE approach was efficient and faster than the Soxhlet method in determining 12 multi-residue pesticides with a broad range of physico-chemical properties in soils without cleanup of the extracts.
PDF Fulltext XML References Citation Report Citation
 RELATED ARTICLES:
  •    Enhancing Africas Environmental Management: Integrated Pest Management for Minimization of Agricultural Pesticides Pollution
  •    Evaluation of Pesticide Residues in Saudi Arabia Ground Water
How to cite this article:

M.H. El-Saeid, M.I. Al- Wabel, G. Abdel-Nasser, A.M. Al- Turki and A.G. Al- Ghamdi, 2010. One-step Extraction of Multiresidue Pesticides in Soil by Microwave-assisted Extraction Technique. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10: 1775-1780.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2010.1775.1780

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2010.1775.1780

 
COMMENT ON THIS PAPER
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

       

       

Curve Bottom