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Journal of Applied Sciences
  Year: 2010 | Volume: 10 | Issue: 12 | Page No.: 1146-1150
DOI: 10.3923/jas.2010.1146.1150
Effect of Filter Media Characteristics, pH and Temperature on the Ammonia Removal in the Wastewater
N.R. Sajuni, A.L. Ahmad and V.M. Vadivelu

Abstract:
Biological filtration in the broadest sense includes any filtration technique that utilizes biological (living) organisms to remove impurities from the wastewater. Filter media selection is critical in the operation to achieve effluent quality requirements. The most important is to choose the correct types of filter media. Laboratory studies were conducted to evaluate the optimum ammonia removal performance using four different types of filter media (Ceramic Ring A, Ceramic Ring B, Japanese Filter Mat and Filter Wool) at different ammonia loading rates of 20 until 120 mg L-1. Ceramic Ring A has been found to give the best performance with respect to their efficiency of ammonia removal because of high surface area and characteristic roughness. In general, nitrification is most efficient at pH levels ranging from about 7.5 to 9.0. Water temperature was kept between (27 and 30°C). Nitrification efficiency is slower at lower temperatures.
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How to cite this article:

N.R. Sajuni, A.L. Ahmad and V.M. Vadivelu, 2010. Effect of Filter Media Characteristics, pH and Temperature on the Ammonia Removal in the Wastewater. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10: 1146-1150.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2010.1146.1150

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2010.1146.1150

 
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